History of the CoB

2020

  • Sandra Schwarz (D), President of the CoB
  • New members of the CoB: Guarantee Funds, Compensation Bodies, Information Centres
  • Establishment of the Presidential College composed of the President and two Vice-Presidents, Sorin Greceanu (RO ) and Sergey Razuvan (RUS)

2016

New member: Azerbaijan

2015

Jean Zenners (L), President of the CoB until 2019

2012

New member: Montenegro

    2012

    New Protection of Visitors Agreement(completely reviewed)

    2012

    Greet Floré (B), Secretary General of the CoB

    2010

    Mariusz Wichtowski (PL), President of the CoB until 2015

    2009

    Adoption of the Codified Motor Insurance Directive

    2009

    New member: Russia

    2007

    Alain Pire (B), Secretary General of the CoB until 2012

    2006

    Secretariat services of the CoB are transferred to new offices in Brussels

    2005

    Ulf Blomgren (S), President of the CoB until 2010

    2005

    Adoption of the 5th Motor Insurance Directive

    2003

    New members: Belarus, Lithuania

    2000

    Adoption of the 4th Motor Insurance Directive
    For the EEA countries, the PoV agreement of 1994 is superseded by the directive

    1999

    The CoB celebrates 50 years of its existence in Oxford, England

    1998

    New member: Latvia

    1998

    Michael J. Nicholson (GB), Secretary General of the CoB until 2007

    1997

    New members: Moldova, Ukraine

    1997

    • Creation of Transitional Membership for all new Members accepted by the Council
    • Ulf D. Lemor (D), President of the CoB until 2005

    1996

    New members: Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus

    1994

    New member: F.Y.R.O.M

    1994

    Protection of Visitors Agreement to provide assistance to visitors who are victim of an accident in the visited countries

    1992

    New members:  Albania, Croatia, Estonia, Slovenia

    1991

    • Constitution of the CoB adopted.
    • Secretariat of the CoB became an independent entity.
    • New text and signature of the Uniform Agreement.
    • Signature by 19 Bureaux of a Multilateral Guarantee Agreement, based on Directive of 1972 and subsequent Directives, which unified and replaced pre-existing bilateral Agreements supplemental to the Uniform Agreement – thereafter extended to include 4 other Bureaux. - Raffaele Deidda (I), President of the CoB until 1997

    1990

    Adoption of the 3rd Motor Insurance Directive

    1985

    New member: Malta

    1984

    Consolidated Resolution of the Economic Commission for Europe on the Facilitation of Road Transport

    1983

    Adoption of the 2nd Motor Insurance Directive

    1983

    Peter J. Sherman (GB), Chairman of the CoB until 1991

    1982

    Peter Morgan (GB), Secretary General of the CoB until 1998

    1976

    New member: Iran

    1974

    • Supplementary Agreements between Western European Bureaux, Czechoslovakia, German Democratic Republic and Hungary.
    • Alternative Green Card format proposed to and accepted by ECE

    1973

    Supplementary Agreements between Western European Bureaux

    1972

    Adoption of the 1st Motor Insurance Directive: by this Directive, the control of Green Cards for vehicles normally based in a Member State of the European Union entering the territory of another Member State, was abolished.

    1971

    New member: Bulgaria

    1970

    New member: Iceland

    1969

    New members: Morocco, Tunisia

    1968

    New member: Israel

    1967

    Stephen O. Masefield (GB), Chairman of the CoB until 1983

    1965

    New member: Romania

    1965

    A decision to extend the territory of the Green Card System to certain countries outside Europe

    1964

    New member: Turkey

    1960

    New member: Hungary

    1959

    • Introduction by the CoB, at the request of ECE, of a model form of Agreement between individual Bureaux, to facilitate the abolition of the presentation of Green Cards
    • Clifford W. Rivington (GB), Chairman of the CoB until 1967

    1958

    New member: Poland

    1954

    New members: Austria, Serbia

    1953

    New member: Italy, Spain, Portugal

    1953

    Implementation of the Green Card System on the 1st January 1953

    1952

    Resolution No.43 adopted by the Economic Commission for Europe formally approving the Green Card System, the form of the International Motor Insurance Card (“Green Card”)

    1951

    New member: German Democratic Republic

    1951

    • First official meeting of the CoB– Adoption of model for an Agreement between National Insurers’ Bureaux
    • Format of the Green Card settled
    • Adoption of a Declaration to the ECE that Insurance Markets were now ready for amendments by Governments to national legislation to provide for the introduction of the Green Card System

    1949

    Members: Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland/Liechtenstein, United Kingdom.

    1949

    International Conference of Motor Insurers convened in London by Motor Insurers’ Bureau United Kingdom at which:

    • the ECE. Recommendation was approved
    • the Council of Bureaux (CoB) was established
    • Guy F. Johnson (GB) appointed as first Chairman of the CoB.
    • Secretariat services were entrusted to Motor Insurers’ Bureau (GB) – the Secretariat later established, in 1991, as an independent entity.

    1947

    • Problem taken up by the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) of the United Nations -> question posed to Governments: "Could the legislation of your countries contemplate an agreement by which insurers or a Bureau of insurers in their countries undertake to reimburse an insurance company or Bureau of insurers in another country, amounts paid by the latter to victims of road accidents?" -> Positive replies!
    • Idea formulated by certain Governments, much assisted by advice and assistance from Insurance Experts, for a System of the International Certificate of Motor Insurance ("Green Card System") which took some account of arrangements existing in the Nordic countries.
    • Led to the issue, by the Sub-Committee on Road Transport of the ECE, of Recommendation No 5 - (E/ECE/TRANS/145 - E/EEC/TRANS SC1/C 39) - 25th January 1949
    1918-1940
    • Gradual introduction in European Countries of compulsory Third Party motor insurance. But remedy was incomplete: financial protection available only to victims of motorists resident in their countries and not for victims of visiting motorists from other countries.
    • Search for a solution entrusted to the Institute of Rome for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT). No positive outcome and in any event studies interrupted by the Second World War.
    • In four Northern countries (DK, FIN, N, S) a system of mutual recognition of Motor Third Party Liability (MTPL) insurance is introduced, that will later inspire the Green Card System and the 1st European Motor Insurance Directive.
    End of the 19th c. Arrival of motor vehicles in Europe: an event for celebration!
    But no total celebration since persons injured or damaged by those vehicles had no certain access to compensation.